Date: 8-9 November 2021.
Venue: Lagos, Nigeria.
We, the participants of the Third Technical Rotating Meeting, of the project on “Enhancing Regional Research, Convening of Stakeholders and Capacity Development in the Gulf of Guinea” implemented by the Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre (KAIPTC) in Accra, and the Government of Demark, organized in partnership with the Nigeria Maritime Administration and Safety Agency (NIMASA) and the Inter-Regional Coordination Centre (ICC) for the Management of Safety and Security in the Gulf of Guinea in Lagos from 8-9 November 2021, have resolved as follows:
- We welcome the adoption of the Yaoundé Code of Conduct (YCC) and related declarations and protocols to guide the collective responses of states in the Gulf of Guinea area to address threats to safety and security in the Gulf of Guinea;
- We take note of the multiple efforts towards the implementation of the emerging Yaoundé architecture but observe that more could be done to enhance the ideals of the Yaoundé; Code of Conduct;
- Accordingly, we make the following recommendations towards a more coordinated implementation of the provisions in the YCC and related agreements:
- That relevant regional agencies must institutionalize a framework for regular dialogues that guarantee collaborative decision making and follow-ups from a response perspective;
- That the ICC must endeavour to identify and include more relevant maritime safety and security actors and involve them in response initiatives;
- That the YCC, as it stands now, is a code of practice without any binding provisions. This affects the way it is implemented at the regional and national levels. The meeting, therefore, calls for expedited action towards the transformation of the YCC into a binding Convention taking on board, the peculiar contexts of diverse jurisprudence, linguistic traditions and the inter-regional coverage of the code as well as the differing procedures of the three (3) sponsors of the ICC (i.e. ECOWAS, ECCAS and the GGC);
- That Coordination of action at all levels is critical for impact on the ground. Such coordination efforts must begin with states demonstrating willingness to cede portions of their sovereignty and invest in the realizations of the provisions of the YCC;
- That state and multilateral actors who lead in the implementation of safety and security measures in the Gulf of Guinea, must identify and implement relevant confidence-building measures to reinforce the principles of coordination and in the implementation of the YCC.
The Meeting thanks the KAIPTC and the Government of Denmark for initiating the project and to NIMASA and the ICC for supporting this specific Third Technical Rotating meeting.